History in Bronzeville
Chess Records - First Location at 4750 S Cottage Grove Ave
In 1955, Chess Records was located at 4750 S Cottage Grove Ave, in the heart of Bronzeville Chicago. The record label, founded by two Jewish immigrants from Poland, Leonard and Phil Chess, was busily releasing blues and R&B hits by the likes of Muddy Waters and Howlin' Wolf, when Chuck Berry, a St. Louis native, wandered into the studio.
Erring Women's Refuge
The Erring Women's Refuge gave prostitutes education, job training, and medical care in hopes of getting them out of the sex trade. It operated at 3111 South Indiana Avenue from 1865 to 1890.
First Non-Segregated Hospital in the United States
In 1891, African-American surgeon Dr. Daniel Hale Williams founded the first non-segregated hospital in the United States at 550 East 51st Street.
The Stroll in Bronzeville
In the 1910's and 1920's, the Stroll was one of the most vibrant centers of economic and entertainment activity in urban black America, second only to Harlem. Stretching along South State from 26th to 39th Streets in the Bronzeville neighborhood of Chicago, the Stroll was home to practically all the major jazz clubs and more than a few pool halls, vaudeville theaters, movie houses, chop suey parlors, beauty parlors, and brothels.