To evict a tenant from a Chicago apartment, landlords and property owners need to follow a complex legal process. First, a landlord needs to file an actual lawsuit, navigate through the procedural hurdles, secure an order of possession from a judge, and place the order with the local sheriff, who delivers the Cook County Sheriff eviction notice. It’s a lengthy and costly eviction process, which is why thorough tenant screening is a vital first step for landlords who have Chicago apartments for rent. But what happens after the eviction notice case has already meandered through municipal court, resulting an order of possession?
Typically, the Circuit Court will stay the enforcement of its own possession orders to give the tenant enough time to pack and leave on their own terms. The length of the stay is discretionary, but even after it expires the tenant won’t have to “eat and run” just yet. There’s still plenty of time on the clock. To get the ball rolling, the landlord has to obtain two certified copies of the possession order from the Circuit Court Clerk, make two photocopies, and “place” all four documents with the Cook County Sheriff’s Office of Civil Process. There’s some minor additional paperwork to be completed there -- basically an eviction disclosure form -- and of course nothing happens until the landlord forks over a check for $60.50 (as of January 2020). Because of the sensitive nature of an eviction and the considerable liability associated with ejecting lawful occupants, the folks in the sheriff’s office have a well-deserved reputation for being sticklers about paperwork and often send landlords back to court to correct seemingly trivial defects in a possession order. Naturally this introduces additional delay to the eviction process. Assuming that the documentation is satisfactory, the eviction order will be queued for execution, and, depending on the season (among other factors such as extreme weather conditions), the sheriff may sometimes require two months or more to execute a possession order by delievering the eviction notice.
Meanwhile, the landlord keeps the receipt provided by the sheriff’s office and, if they're really anxious, monitors the sheriff’s website using the receipt and district numbers to check the eviction schedule. The eviction notice schedule is posted daily and reflects both that day’s and the following day’s evictions. The sheriff’s office will call the landlord’s attorney about 24 hours before the notice is scheduled to be executed, so it’s important that the contact information on the eviction disclosure form be legible. Typographical errors and shoddy penmanship introduce unwanted delay. Exact times are not supplied. Instead, the sheriff provides a four-hour window during which one of the deputies is likely to appear. In the meantime, about a week or so before the eviction notice execution date, the sheriff sends a postcard to the tenant indicating that an eviction notice is imminent and that this would probably be a good time to hustle your stuff together and hit the highway. The exact date and time is not specified because the sheriff prefers to keep the element of surprise on their side, the fear being that the tenant will hunker down right before a scheduled showdown.
On the big day of the eviction, the landlord or their representative is required to greet the sheriff’s deputy at the property with a locksmith in tow (Note: if the weather is “extreme” there’s a good chance the eviction will be postponed). The landlord or their agent signs some papers authorizing the sheriff’s deputy to use force, if necessary, to gain entry and then escorts the deputy to the front door of the house or apartment in question. The deployment of handcuffs, firearms, or billy-clubs is reportedly very rare. In fact, the tenant is usually history by this point. Typically, the deputy conducts a full sweep of the premises to ensure that nobody's hiding in a closet, then stands around while the landlord enters the apartment, secures possession, and changes the locks. At this point the officer will post a prominent green “NO TRESPASSING" order on the front door.
Gone are the days when the tenant’s belongings were unceremoniously tossed onto the sidewalk. In today’s more civilized world, the sheriff requires that the tenant be given a “reasonable amount of time” to remove their belongings (although what's "reasonable" apparently varies in the eye of the beholding landlord). Once that reasonable period of time elapses in the eviction process, the landlord is free to dispose of the tenant’s possessions however they see fit.
The eviction process is procedurally complex and fraught with obstacles. For example, if the sheriff finds an occupant at least 18 years old living at the property and that person was not named in the original complaint, the eviction process will screech to a grinding halt while the unknown occupant is given seven days to file papers in court seeking to “stay” the eviction notice. If worst comes to worst, the landlord will need to return to municipal court, amend their papers, specifically name “unknown occupants” as additional defendants, and be prepared to weather additional delays. The wisest course of action is to contact an attorney who specializes in this area.
Domu would like to express gratitude to Megan Hart of Arnstein & Lehr for providing deatils about the mechanics of eviction.
The general information that Domu provides about Chicago landlord tenant law is not intended as legal advice. Domu endeavors to provide accurate information, but the law is subject to change, and Domu is not a law firm or provider of legal services. Questions about your particular leasing situation should be directed to a lawyer.